viscerosomatic reflex

viscerosomatic reflex is defined as “localized visceral stimuli producing patterns of reflex response in segmentally related somatic structures” (Giusti). In other words, a viscerosomatic reflex is an effect on the somatic system (bones, muscles, joints) resulting from a visceral pathologic state or disease.

Viscerosomatic reflexes may also manifest as an imbalance of the sympathetic or parasympathetic nervous systems. Somatic dysfunctions that manifest via the sympathetic nervous system may be found at the T1–L2 levels. Somatic dysfunctions that manifest via the parasympathetic nervous system may be located at the upper cervicals (OA joint, C1, C2) and S2–S4 (pelvic splanchnic nerves).


Scroll to Top